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You searched for: creator:"Philip A. Harland"
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[audio]Podcast 6.2: Social, Religious, and Burial Activities of Associations - Philip A. Harland
Here I explore the internal activities of associations, pointing to intertwined social, religious, and burial purposes that these groups served for their members. We take a close look at one particular association devoted to the god Zeus and the goddess Agdistis at Philadelphia in Asia Minor (LSAM 20). This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism; burial; agdistis; zeus
Downloads: 9,121
[audio]Podcast 1.7: Paul and the situation in Galatia - Philip A. Harland
This episode looks at the situation in Galatia that led Paul to write his letter in the mid-first century (part 1 of 2). After Paul left this region of Asia Minor, certain leaders of the Jesus movement had passed through and discovered Gentiles (non-Judeans) who were not circumcized, despite the fact they thought they belonged to this Judean (Jewish) movement. Here I explore the rationale of these opponents of Paul who advocated circumcision as an entrance requirement into the movement and as a ...
Keywords: new testament; apostle paul; galatia; galatians; bible; early christianity; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; ancient mediterranean; jesus movement
Downloads: 15,403
[audio]Podcast 6.1: Introduction to Associations in the Greco-Roman World - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode of the series, I discuss our evidence for associations and guilds in the Greco-Roman world and outline the various types of these groups, including family-based, occupation-based, neighbourhood-based, and ethnic-based groups. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism
Downloads: 10,015
[audio]Podcast 7.8: Introduction to Daniel's Historical Apocalypse - Philip A. Harland
Here I introduce the "historical apocalypse" of Daniel, including a discussion of the kingdoms in king Nebuchadnezzar's dream (ch. 2) and the historical context of chapters 7-12 (the apocalypse proper) during the time of the Hellenistic king Antiochus IV Epiphanes (in the 160s BCE).
Keywords: apocalypse; apocalypticism; end of the world; judaism; christianity; daniel; antiochus epiphanes
Downloads: 6,624
[audio]Podcast 4.3: Salvation from the Gods - Asklepios at Pergamon (Pergamum) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the way in which people in Roman times believed that gods saved them in their daily lives, focusing on the case of the healing sanctuary of Asklepios (Asclepius) at Pergamon (Pergamum). This is part of series 4 (Honouring the Gods in the Roman Empire) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: asklepios; asclepius; aesculapius; healing; roman empire; ancient religion; greco-roman religion; asclepieium; asklepieion; pergamum; asia minor
Downloads: 12,436
[audio]Podcast 4.4: Messages from the Gods - Apollo at Claros and Didyma - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss messages from the gods, or divination. One way in which the gods were thought to communicate with individuals, groups, and communities was through oracles such as those of Apollo at Claros and Didyma. This is part of series 4 (Honouring the Gods in the Roman Empire) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: apollo; oracles; greco-roman religion; roman empire; divination
Downloads: 12,387
[audio]Podcast 6.5: Associations and the Roman Empire - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the relation between associations and the Roman empire, including Roman authorities and the emperors. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; Roman empire; Christianity; Judaism; imperial cults; honors
Downloads: 7,977
[audio]Podcast 3.4: Docetic and Judaizing Opponents of Ignatius, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I conclude the discussion of Ignatius by discussing his Judaizing opponents, who advocated certain Jewish beliefs and practices. I also deal with Ignatius' strategies in combating groups he considered heretical. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; new testament; bible; ignatius of antioch; heresies; history
Downloads: 13,141
[audio]Podcast 7.6: 1 Enoch - An Introduction to the Earliest Apocalypse - Philip A. Harland
Here I begin to introduce our earliest example of the Judean apocalyptic worldview and our first example of an otherworldly journey apocalypse as a type of literature, 1 Enoch (which most likely dates to about 225-200 BCE). The next episode examines the so called "Book of Watchers" in 1 Enoch chapters 1-36 in more detail.
Keywords: apocalypticism; apocalypse; 1 enoch; judgement; end of the world; fallen angels; satan
Downloads: 7,579
[audio]Podcast 3.10: Introducing Gnostic Worldviews - Philip A. Harland
Here I set the stage for the study of specific Nag Hammadi and related writings by outlining in broad terms some common denominators or assumptions in the range of worldviews traditionally labeled "gnostic". This includes discussion of the Middle Platonic assumptions of many authors. I also deal with the importance of knowledge (gnosis) in the understanding of how salvation from the material realm, which was created by an inferior god, takes place...
Keywords: early christianity; ancient history; gnosticism; gnostic; christian origins; plato; platonic philosophy; nag hammadi
Downloads: 15,011
[audio]Podcast 7.2: Origins part 1 - Ancient Near Eastern Combat Myths - Philip A. Harland
Here I go back to the earliest Mesopotamian mythologies (starting about 3000 BCE) about the gods in order to trace a recurring pattern -- labeled the "combat myth" by scholars -- that later came to play a role in Judean (Jewish) apocalypticism. In particular I explore stories about a chaotic god or monster threatening the order of the universe and a young god's success in slaying the monster to restore order.
Keywords: apocalypticism; apocalyptic; armageddon; ancient judaism; early christianity; end of the world; millenialism; millenarian; mesopotamia; combat myth; ninurta; anzu; baal; yamm; yahweh; leviathan; behemoth; rahab
Downloads: 8,458
[audio]Podcast 4.2: A City and Its Patron Deity - Artemis of Ephesus - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss civic cults in Asia Minor and Ephesus with a focus on the relationship between a city and its patron deity (in this case Artemis Ephesia). This is part of series 4 (Honouring the Gods in the Roman Empire) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: greco-roman religions; asia minor; ephesus; Artemis; civic cults; roman empire
Downloads: 12,905
[audio]Podcast 2.6: Luke's Portrait of Jesus - Prophet Elijah (part 1) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss how the gospel of Luke portrays Jesus as a prophet like Elijah, which also entails presenting Jesus as a saviour to the poor and marginalized of society (part 1 of 2). In this first part, I provide some important background for understanding this two volume work, Luke-Acts, both as ancient biography and as ancient history-writing.
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; gospel of luke; gospels; jesus; ancient history; christian origins; early christianity
Downloads: 14,676
[audio]Podcast 8.4 Other Predecessors Of Satan In The Hebrew Bible - Philip A. Harland
Here I explore other building blocks of Satan's story from Israelite culture by looking at arrogant foreign kings and angels or messengers of God in the Hebrew Bible.
Keywords: Satan; Judaism; Israelite culture; Hebrew Bible; Devil; religion; ancient history
Downloads: 4,667
[audio]Podcast 2.11: Hebrews' Portrait of Jesus - Highpriest Melchizedek, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the way in which the book of Hebrews portrays Jesus both as highpriest Melchizedek and once for all sacrifice (part 2 of 2). In particular, I explore the ways in which this author is saturated by the Hebrew scriptures and influenced by Platonic philosophy. This is the final episode in series 2 ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; judaism; christian origins
Downloads: 13,685
[audio]Podcast 1.6 Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 3 - Philip A. Harland
This episode concludes the discussion of followers of Jesus at Corinth with a focus on Paul's response to the situation (in 1 Corinthians). Here we see Paul's education in Greco-Roman methods of rhetoric or argumentation. Paul's arguments for unity and against divisions provide a clear example of deliberative rhetoric, comparable to political speeches by the likes of Dio Chrysostom. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podc...
Keywords: early christianity; new testament; 1 corinthians; apostle paul; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; dio chrysostom; deliberative rhetoric; bible
Downloads: 15,245
[audio]Pocast 7.5: Origins part 3b - Israelite Prophets 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss the importance of the prophets in the Hebrew Bible for the subsequent development of apocalypticism, dealing with Zechariah and Isaiah 24-27 (sometimes known as the "Apocalypse of Isaiah)
Keywords: prophets; apocalyptic; apocalypticism; apocalypse; zechariah; isaiah
Downloads: 7,133
[audio]Podcast 5.1: Studying the Historical Jesus - Sources and Problems, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This episode is the first of three that introduce key historical sources and problems in reconstructing the life of a peasant from Galilee, the historical Jesus. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; jesus; historical jesus; judaism; christian origins
Downloads: 12,523
[audio]Podcast 6.4: Associations and Greco-Roman Society (The City) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the relation between associations and Greco-Roman society with a focus on the Greek polis or city. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; Greco-Roman society; polis
Downloads: 8,178
[audio]Podcast 1.1: Paul in his own words - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode on Paul and his communities, we look at autobiographical statements by Paul as a way of introducing Paul and his letters from an historical perspective. This is part of series one (Paul and his Communities) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast. (Episode re-edited and improved January 29, 2009.)
Keywords: history, early christianity, new testament, apostle paul; religion; ancient history; early christianity; ancient religions
Downloads: 23,823
[audio]Podcast 7.9: Daniel's Visions as Veiled History - Philip A. Harland
Here I further explore the first-person visionary account in Daniel chapters 7-12, our earliest example of an historical apocalypse as veiled history.
Keywords: apocalypse; apocalypticism; end of the world; judaism; christianity; daniel; antiochus epiphanes
Downloads: 2,468
[audio]Podcast 3.7: Jewish Followers of Jesus, part 1 - Ebionites - Philip A. Harland
Beginning with James the brother of Jesus and the Jerusalem church, here I trace evidence for Judean followers of Jesus and discuss their gradual marginalization. In particular, I focus attention on Jewish-Christian groups that the patristic sources (e.g. Irenaeus, Epiphanius) label "the Ebionites", or "poor ones". This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; judaism; ancient history; ebionites; james the just; new testament; bible; church fathers; irenaeus
Downloads: 13,928
[audio]Podcast 5.6: Jesus, Galilee, and Israelite History, part 1 - Until the Second Temple - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode place Jesus and Galilee within the broader context of Israelite history. This episode begins with the Assyrian period (700s BCE) and concludes with the Persian period, with the construction of the second temple (ca. 500 BCE). This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: historical jesus; israelite history; galilee; judea
Downloads: 13,085
[audio]Podcast 5.7: Jesus, Galilee, and Israelite History, part 2 - To the Time of Jesus - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to place Jesus and Galilee within the broader context of Israelite history. This episode works through the Hellenistic and Roman periods, including the time of Jesus, and finishes with a discussion of social and economic life in first century Galilee and Judea. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: historical jesus; early christianity; new testament; judaism; christian origins
Downloads: 13,161
[audio]Podcast 6.12: Jesus Groups as Associations and Cultural Minorities, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss groups of Jesus followers in Asia Minor with case studies of 1 Peter and Revelation (John's Apocalypse), focussing on both indications of identity construction or maintenance and signs of assimilation or acculturation.
Keywords: 1 Peter; new testament; early christianity; acculturation; assimilation; identity
Downloads: 7,820
[audio]Podcast 5.4: Scholarly Portraits of the Historical Jesus, part 1 (Crossan) - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode explore two contrasting scholarly portraits of the historical Jesus, those of John Dominic Crossan (Jesus as egalitarian peasant) and E.P. Sanders (Jesus as apocalyptic prophet). This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: jesus; historical jesus; new testament; judaism; christianity
Downloads: 13,903
[audio]Podcast 6.8: Phoenician Immigrant Associations, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This episode continues the discussion of Syrian, Phoenician and Israelite (Samaritan) ethnic groups or immigrant associations, moving into the Roman imperial period. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; roman empire; greco-roman religion; judeans; israelites
Downloads: 8,171
[audio]Podcast 2.10: Hebrews' Portrait of Jesus - Highpriest Melchizedek, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the way in which the book of Hebrews portrays Jesus both as highpriest Melchizedek and once for all sacrifice (part 1 of 2). This is part of series 2 ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: new testament; bible; early christianity; hebrews; melchizedek; judaism
Downloads: 14,225
[audio]Podcast 7.4: Origins part 3a - Israelite Prophets 1 - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the importance of the prophets in the Hebrew Bible for the subsequent development of apocalypticism, beginning with a survey of important events in the history of Israel and discussion of a passage in Ezekiel (chs. 37-39).
Keywords: apocalyptic; apocalypticism; prophets; Hebrew bible; israelite; ezekiel; exile; restoration
Downloads: 7,653
[audio]Podcast 5.12: Jesus as Teacher, part 2 - Present or Future Kingdom - Philip A. Harland
This is the second of two episodes that consider the historical Jesus in the role of teacher. Here I discuss evidence regarding Jesus' conception of the "kingdom of God" and the scholarly debates regarding Jesus' present or (imminent) future focus. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: historical jesus; early christianity; kingdom of god
Downloads: 11,267
[audio]Podcast 3.16: The Gospel of Mary - Secret Knowledge from the Ultimate Disciple - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss this dialogue gospel in which Mary Magdalene is presented as Jesus' favorite disciple and the instructor of true knowledge. I explore notions of salvation in terms of the ascent of the soul, as well as the way in which this writing reflects struggles among different groups of Jesus-followers. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; women; gnosticism; mary; gospel of mary
Downloads: 14,518
[audio]Podcast 6.10: Judean Immigrant Associations, part 2 - Philip A. Harland
This episode continues the discussion of Judean immigrant associations, turning to archeological evidence for assimilation and integration in the Roman era. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: jewish; judean; immigrants; roman empire; greco-roman world; religion; jewish diaspora; josephus; asia minor
Downloads: 7,818
[audio]Podcast 5.15: Jesus as a Messianic King? - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss first-century Judean concepts relating to an anointed one, or messiah, particularly a kingly messiah, and discuss contemporary figures who were viewed as kings. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: jesus; early christianity; messiah; king; judaism
Downloads: 9,658
[audio]Podcast 6.11 Jesus Groups as Associations and Cultural Minorities, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This episode introduces groups of early Jesus-followers within the context of associations, Judeans, and cultural minority groups, setting the stage for case studies of Jesus groups in Asia Minor (parts 2-3).
Keywords: early christianity; associations; jesus; christianity
Downloads: 7,131
[audio]Podcast 2.7: Luke's Portrait of Jesus - Prophet Elijah (part 2) - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to discuss how the gospel of Luke portrays Jesus as a prophet like Elijah, which also entails presenting Jesus as a saviour to the poor and marginalized of society (part 1 of 2).
Keywords: gospels; jesus; early christianity; new testament; bible; gospel of luke; ancient history
Downloads: 13,697
[audio]Podcast 8.9 A Satanic Empire In John's Apocalypse - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss Satan in John's Apocalypse (Revelation), pointing out how this author pulls together many strands of the story of Satan and does so to demonize an external power: the Roman empire.
Keywords: Satan; the Devil; John's Apocalypse; Revelation; early Christianity; ancient Judaism; ancient history; Roman empire; apocalypticism
Downloads: 3,459
[audio]Podcast 2.1 Introduction to the Gospels as Portraits of Jesus - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss some introductory issues regarding the gospels, including their status as ancient biographies or portraits of Jesus and the literary relationships among the synoptic gospels. This sets the stage for an historical and literary study of portraits of Jesus in Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John. This episode is part of series two ("Early Christian Portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast, which is connected with the blog of the same name at
Keywords: Jesus; early christianity; ancient biographies; gospels; synoptic gospels; ancient history; christian origins
Downloads: 17,197 4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars4.00 out of 5 stars(1 review)
[audio]Podcast 1.3: Paul's response to Jesus-followers at Thessalonica - Philip A. Harland
This third episode looks at Paul's response to followers of Jesus at Thessalonica, including his attempt to comfort these socially dislocated Christians, his use of familial language to build up their identity, and his use of praising (demonstrative) rhetoric. It also begins to consider Paul as an apocalyptic Judean. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; judaism; new testament; 1 thessalonians; apostle paul; early christianity; history; christian origins; New Testament; apostle Paul; 1 Thessalonians; Greco-Roman world; Christian origins; Judaism; apocalypticism
Downloads: 18,258
[audio]Podcast 8.6 Mastema In Jubilees And Beliar In The Dead Sea Scrolls - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to trace the development of evil personified figures in Judean literature around the turn of the first century BCE, focussing on Mastema (Enmity personified) and Beliar or Belial (Worthless One).  I also discuss the Princes of Darkness and of Light in the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Keywords: Satan; Judaism; devil; beliar; belial; mastema; jubilees; dead sea scrolls; early christianity; ancient history
Downloads: 4,949
[audio]Podcast 6.13: Cultural Minority Associations and Ethnic Stereotypes, part 1 - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode explore ethnic stereotypes as they impacted associations of Judeans and Jesus-followers, placing these groups within the context of ethnic rivalries. In this episode, I discuss common negative stereotypes about Judeans found within writings of the elites, particularly the Roman Tacitus and the Greek Egyptian Apion.
Keywords: Jews; Judeans; ethnic rivalry; Judaism; identity; stereotypes; sociology
Downloads: 6,744
[audio]Podcast 7.3: Origins part 2 - Zoroastrian apocalypticism - Philip A. Harland
Here I turn to Persia (Iran) in order to examine Zoroastrian apocalypticism and its relation to Judean apocalypticism. This is part of series 7 (Visions of the End: Apocalypticism) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: Zoroaster; zoroastrianism; apocalypticism; end of the world; persia; iranian
Downloads: 8,012
[audio]Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 - Form and Content - Philip A. Harland
This and the following episode consider the historical Jesus in the role of teacher. Here I discuss the form or method of his instruction, and begin to introduce the centrality of the "Kingdom of God" to his teachings. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; historical jesus; kingdom of god
Downloads: 11,479
[audio]Podcast 3.14: The Gospel of Philip, part 1 - Ideas of Salvation - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the Gospel of Philip (perhaps best known in connection with the Da Vinci Code). This episode deals with the author's worldview and ideas about the condition of humanity, preparing the way for a second episode on the practices and rituals that enacted salvation. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; gnosticism; gospels; gospel of philip
Downloads: 12,978
[audio]Podcast 8.12 Satan's Demons And The Greco Roman Gods In Justin Martyr And Origen ( 2nd 3rd Centuries) - Philip A. Harland
In the first of two episodes dealing with the Church Fathers, here I look at how Justin Martyr and Origen contribute to the story of Satan and his demons in countering external opponents.
Keywords: Satan; Devil; Church Fathers; Celsus; Origen; Justin Martyr; ancient history; early Christianity
Downloads: 300
[audio]Podcast 5.5: Scholarly Portraits of the Historical Jesus, part 2 (Sanders) - Philip A. Harland
This is the second of two episodes that explore two contrasting scholarly portraits of the historical Jesus, those of John Dominic Crossan (Jesus as egalitarian peasant) and E.P. Sanders (Jesus as apocalyptic prophet). This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; historical jesus; judaism; new testament; bible
Downloads: 12,398
[audio]Podcast 3.11: Secret Book of John, part 1 - The Spiritual Realm - Philip A. Harland
Here I begin to explain the worldview of the Apocryphon of John, one of the Nag Hammadi writings (part 1 of 2). Like other writings in that collection, this author makes a clear distinction between the perfect spiritual realm, also known as the "fullness", and an inferior material realm created by a jealous god or "ruler" (archon). In this episode I describe the perfect spiritual realm and the process of emanations from the perfect "Invisible Spirit" or "Father".
Keywords: early Christianity; ancient history; nag hammadi; apocryphon of john; gnosticism; platonism
Downloads: 14,509
[audio]Podcast 5.3: Studying the Historical Jesus - Sources and Problems, part 3 - Philip A. Harland
This episode is the third of three that introduce key historical sources and problems in reconstructing the life of a peasant from Galilee, the historical Jesus. This is part of series 5 (The Historical Jesus in Context) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early christianity; jesus; historical jesus; judaism; new testament
Downloads: 11,091
[audio]Podcast 3.3: Docetic and Judaizing Opponents of Ignatius - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss two main groups of opponents combated by Ignatius of Antioch in his letters to followers of Jesus in Asia Minor (Turkey): Docetic and Judaizing opponents (part 1 of 2). This episode introduces Ignatius (who wrote in the early second century) and explains the position of his docetic opponents, who thought that Jesus only appeared to be human when in fact he was a divine being. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of...
Keywords: early Christianity; heresies; new testament; bible; apostolic fathers; ignatius of antioch; christian origins; docetism; gnosticism
Downloads: 13,628
[audio]Podcast 3.12: Secret Book of John, part 2 - Salvation from the Material Realm - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue to explain the worldview of the Apocryphon of John, particularly its notions regarding the material realm, the inferior creator god (demiurge), and salvation from this realm. This is part of series 3 ("Diversity in Early Christianity: 'Heresies' and Struggles") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; gnosticism; nag hammadi
Downloads: 13,460
[audio]Podcast 2.5: Matthew's portrait of Jesus - New Moses (part 2) - Philip A. Harland
Here I continue the discussion of Matthew's portrait of Jesus as the new David and new Moses (part 2 of 2). I also delve into tensions between the Matthean community and other groups of Judeans in the late first century. This is part of series 2 ("Early Christian portraits of Jesus") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: early Christianity; christian origins; new testament; matthew; gospels; jesus; ancient history
Downloads: 13,914
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